Uses In Sports
Mildronate is a medicine with a very modest cost, on the market since the 1980s, in many countries (especially the former Soviet bloc, not in the United States) that can be purchased in pharmacies, produced exclusively by a Latvian company, Grindex. At a therapeutic level it is used against headaches and as an anti-ischemic, but it alters the metabolism, lowers the hemoglobin values, improving the fluidity of the blood. The effects on sportspeople are still being studied thoroughly: but after many analyzes had shown frequent use in Russia, tests at the Cologne laboratory led to the inclusion of the product on the list of prohibited ones. Its use – the German laboratory wrote in a scientific publication from which WADA took the results to order the ban – demonstrates an increase in the resistance of athletes, helps recovery after exercise, protects against stress and improves the functioning of central nervous system”. Reasons sufficient for the anti-doping agency to ban the drug.
Meldonium is a heart medicine that has been included in the list of doping substances since January 1, 2016 and therefore prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). The drug made the headlines because the Russian tennis player Maria Sharapova, found positive for the tests for the substance, admitted to having used it for 10 years, under the prescription of her family doctor, to treat a series of health conditions. For this reason Sharapova got suspended for two years by the International Federation.